Zymosan

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TLR2 Agonist - Dectin-1 Agonist - Cell wall preparation of S. cerevisiae
Zymosan

Zymosan, an insoluble preparation of cell wall from Saccharomyces cerevisiae, activates macrophages via TLR2.

TLR2 cooperates with TLR6 and CD14 in response to zymosan [1].

Zymosan is also recognized by Dectin-1, a phagocytic receptor expressed on macrophages and dendritic cells, which collaborates with TLR2 and TLR6 enhancing the immune responses triggered by the recognition of Zymosan by each receptor [2].

References:

  1. Ozinsky A. et al., 2000. The repertoire for pattern recognition of pathogens by the innate immune system is defined by cooperation between toll-like receptors. PNAS. 97(25):13766-71.
  2. Gantner BN. et al., 2003. Collaborative induction of inflammatory responses by dectin-1 and Toll-like receptor 2. J Exp Med. 197(9):1107-17.

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