Poly(I:C) (HMW) Biotin

InvivoGen Kontakt z doradcą
TLR3 agonist - Biotin-labeled poly(I:C) (HMW)
Poly(I:C) (HMW) Biotin

Poly(I:C) HMW Biotin is biotin-labeled Toll-like receptor 3 (TLR3) agonist. It was chemically produced by covalent coupling of biotin with high molecular weight polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid (poly(I:C) HMW). Poly(I:C) HMW, with an average size of 1.5-8 kb, comprises long strands of inosine poly(I) homopolymer annealed to strands of cytidine poly(C) homopolymer. The labeled ligand retains the biological activity of poly(I:C).

Poly(I:C) is a synthetic analog of double-stranded RNA (dsRNA), a molecular pattern associated with viral infection. Both natural and synthetic dsRNAs are known to induce type I interferon (IFN) production [1]. Depending on its location in the cell, poly(I:C) can activate distinct pattern recognition receptor (PRR) pathways: endosomal poly(I:C) activates TLR3 [2], whereas cytosolic poly(I:C) activates retinoic acid-inducible protein I (RIG-I) [3], melanoma differentiation-associate gene 5 (MDA-5) [4], and protein kinase RNA-activated (PKR) [5]. Activation of these PRRs results in the induction of multiple signaling pathways, including NF-κB and IFN regulatory factors (IRFs).

Poly(I :C) HMW Biotin can be used for various applications, including histochemical staining, cytometry, fluorescence microscopy, and ligand binding assays [6, 7].

InvivoGen's Poly(I :C) HMW Biotin is of the highest quality and guaranteed free of bacterial contamination. Each lot is thoroughly tested to ensure the absence of lot-to-lot variation.

Key features of Poly(I:C) Biotin:

  • Potent inducer of TLR3 activity
  • Designed to assess Poly(I:C) binding
  • Each lot is functionally tested

References:

  1. Kawasaki T. & Kawai T., 2014. Toll-like receptor signaling pathways. Front Immunol. 5:461.
  2. Alexopoulou L. et al., 2001. Recognition of double-stranded RNA and activation of NF-κB by Toll-like receptor 3. Nature, 413:732-8.
  3. Kawai T. & Akira S., 2008. Toll-like receptor and RIG-I-like receptor signaling. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1143:1-20.
  4. McCartney S. et al., 2009. Distinct and complementary functions of MDA5 and TLR3 in poly(I:C)-mediated activation of mouse NK cells. J Exp Med. 206(13):2967-76.
  5. Lemaire P.A. et al., 2008. Mechanism of PKR Activation by dsRNA. J Mol Biol. 381(2):351-60.
  6. Hasan M. et al, 2011. Antimicrobial peptides inhibit polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid-induced immune responses. J Immunol. 187(11):5653-9.
  7. Sugimoto N. et al., 2014. Helicase proteins DHX29 and RIG-I cosense cytosolic nucleic acids in the human airway system. PNAS. 111(21):7747-52.

Podobne produkty

Poly(I:C) (HMW) / LyoVec™

Poly(I:C) (HMW) / LyoVec™

InvivoGen
Więcej
TDB VacciGrade™

TDB VacciGrade™

InvivoGen
Więcej
WGP Dispersible

WGP Dispersible

InvivoGen
Więcej