Anti-hCTLA4-hIgG2 features the constant region of the human IgG2 isotype and the variable region of ipilimumab. Ipilimumab is a fully human IgG1 monoclonal antibody that targets CTLA-4 (also known as CD152), a negative regulator of T cell activation.
By binding CTLA‑4, it inhibits negative signals that physiologically downregulate T cell activation and exerts its therapeutic activity by upregulating the antitumor activity of T lymphocytes [1,2].
In addition, it induces antibody‑dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC) and TNF-α production . Ipilimumab has been approved by the FDA for the treatment of unresectable or metastatic melanoma.
It is undergoing clinical trials for other types of cancers, including lung cancer .
Human IgG2 is the second most common antibody present in serum. This isotype is resistant to cleavage by proteolytic enzymes, due to a short hinge region.
Human IgG2 displays low complement-dependent cytotoxicity (CDC) and very low antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC).
Anti-hCTLA4-hIgG2 was generated by recombinant DNA technology. It has been produced in CHO cells and purified by affinity chromatography with protein G.
- Grosso JF. & Jure-Kunkel MN., 2013. CTLA-4 blockade in tumor models: an overview of preclinical and translational research. Cancer Immun. 13:5.
- Maio M. et al., 2013. Update on the role of ipilimumab in melanoma and first data on new combination therapies. Curr Opin Oncol. 25:166-72.
- Laurent S.. et al., 2013. The engagement of CTLA-4 on primary melanoma cell lines induces antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity and TNF-α production. J Transl Med. 11:108.
- Tomasini P., 2012. Ipilimumab: its potential in non-small cell lung cancer. Ther Adv Med Oncol. 4: 43–50.