Anti-hPD1-Pem-hIgG2 features the constant region of the human IgG2 isotype and the variable region of pembrolizumab. Pembrolizumab is a humanized IgG4 monoclonal antibody that contains an engineered hinge region mutation (S228P) designed to prevent exchange of IgG4 molecules. This antibody targets the PD-1 receptor found on activated T cells, B cells, and myeloid cells. Under normal physiological conditions, PD-1 negatively regulates T cell activation thereby preventing autoimmunity . Under pathological conditions, cancer cells produce PD-L1 (programmed cell death 1 ligand 1), the agonist that binds and activates PD-1. Activated PD-1 enables the cancer cells to evade the immune system. Pembrolizumab binds and blocks the activation of the PD-1 receptor, thereby resulting in the activation of T cells . Pembrolizumab has been approved by the FDA for the treatment of metastatic malignant melanoma, and is currently under regulatory review in the EU .
Human IgG2 is the second most common antibody present in serum. This isotype is resistant to cleavage by proteolytic enzymes, due to a short hinge region. Human IgG2 displays low complement-dependent cytotoxicity (CDC) and very low antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC).
Anti-hPD1-Pem-hIgG2 was generated by recombinant DNA technology. It has been produced in CHO cells and purified by affinity chromatography.
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